奥地利的建筑节能技术 2015-01-04

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Table of contents
1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................... 1
2 THE BUILDING – A COMPLEX SYSTEM .................................................................... 3
3 PLANNING .................................................................................................................... 5
3.1 Choice of location, development planning ...........................................................................5
3.2 Type of development and building shape ............................................................................6
3.3 Optimising the gains – The building as an energy-efficient system.....................................6
3.4 User behaviour.....................................................................................................................9
4 THE BUILDING – THE ENVELOPE............................................................................ 11
4.1 Building materials...............................................................................................................11
4.2 Windows/ Daylighting.........................................................................................................14
4.3 Thermal bridges and the airtightness of the building envelope .........................................17
4.4 Quality control ....................................................................................................................17
5 HEATING, VENTILATION AND AIR-CONDITIONING WITH SUITABLE
POWER SYSTEMS ..................................................................................................... 20
5.1 Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning............................................................................20
5.2 Appropriate energy supply systems...................................................................................20
6 ENERGY-EFFICIENT BUILDING APPLIANCES ....................................................... 23
6.1 EU label for lamps..............................................................................................................23
7 THE PASSIVE HOUSE – A CONCEPT FOR SUSTAINABLE BUILDING................. 24
8 THE CHALLENGE OF REFURBISHMENT ................................................................ 26
8.1 Energy savings potential of existing building constructions...............................................26
8.2 Evaluation – planning – quality control ..............................................................................26
8.3 Specific measures..............................................................................................................28
8.4 Measures for the broad ecological refurbishment of existing buildings.............................35
9 REGULATIONS AND SUBSIDIES.............................................................................. 38
10RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT ............................................. 39
11TRAINING COURSES AND FURTHER EDUCATION ................................................. 40
作者
凯旋
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